Welcomes to this week’s Craft Post, sorry for it being a day late. Yesterday was the last day of seven in a row of working. I just got a new job or should say a new position with the company I work for. I had to work my weekend shift last week and then start my new job on Monday. Let’s just say it has been a long week. Please note that posts for the next few week’s (hopefully only this week but possibly next week) may be posted late. For any new readers or returning readers who haven’t been keeping up, we have been going through a massive Worldbuilding Series broken up into sub-series. You can find all the posts so far under the Worldbuilding link in the toolbar. We are in the middle of sub-series on Governments. Let’s dive right in.

If you break down Governments today you will get three branches of government: Executive, Legislature, and Judiciary. While not all governments have clear cut branches as ours (U.S.A.) A country has some kind of similar that handle these. Then there is the Military. Let’s look at each of these branches.

Executive Branch

The power of this branch is invested in the leader of the country. For the U.S. this is the President. Depending the kind of government you have determines the kind of power the leader of the government has. Is there a second in command if something happens to the leader? Generally, there is a line of succession. How far down this goes depends on how the Government is setup. Some countries, usually in a monarchy it is by family and you will know how far from the crown the person is from the throne or crown.

Legislature Branch

This is the mostly known as the law forming branch of the government. Bills are introduced and voted upon and sent to the leader of the country to be signed into law. In the U.S. Congress has other powers, like oversight of roads, post office, declare war, taxes, etc. I am focusing more on the law part as other countries counterparts may not have the same powers. The U.S. was set up for a balance of power so one branch didn’t have too much power. That is why the President can’t declare war without congress approval even though he is at Commander and Cheif of the Military.

Judiciary Branch

The courts. This is where potential violators of the laws are taken to see what punishment they should receive. In the U.S. all defendants are innocent until proven guilty. That is not how other countries work. Also, our courts have a judge to make sure cases stay on topic and only relevant information is put into evidence. There are types of court hearings that judges make the decision, the most common is a hearing by peers in a jury. However, the judge has the right to overturn a juries decision.

You may be thinking how does do these branches of government affect a fantasy government? Good question. Simple, regardless of the kind of government you have, there will be someone or a group who has to deal with these areas. A king does all three, however, someone has to come up with the laws for the king to decide upon. Instead of a congress of people elected by the people of the kingdom to represent them. Someone will have this position, and more than likely will have a staff large or small to help them out.To give you an example of this. Also, if you have a king, they will have a court of people who will give them advice on different areas. Example, the President of the United States Cabinet:

 

Cabinet Member Cabinet Position
US Vice President Seal.svgVice President US-WhiteHouse-Logo.svg
White House Chief of Staff
Seal of the United States Department of State.svgSecretary of State US-TradeRepresentative-Seal.svg
Trade Representative
US-DeptOfTheTreasury-Seal.svgSecretary of the Treasury US-OfficeOfManagementAndBudget-Seal.svg
Director of the Office of Management and Budget
United States Department of Defense Seal.svgSecretary of Defense Council of Economic Advisers.png
Chair of the Council of Economic Advisers
Seal of the United States Department of Justice.svg
Attorney General
Seal of the United States Department of State.svg
Ambassador to the United Nations
US-DeptOfTheInterior-Seal.svgSecretary of the Interior US-SmallBusinessAdmin-Seal.svg
Administrator of the Small Business Administration
US-DeptOfAgriculture-Seal2.svg
Secretary of Agriculture
Environmental Protection Agency logo.svg
Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency
US-DeptOfCommerce-Seal.svgSecretary of Commerce
USDOL Seal circa 2015.svg
Secretary of Labor
US-DeptOfHHS-Seal.svgSecretary of Health and Human Services
US-DeptOfHUD-Seal.svgSecretary of Housing and Urban Development
US-DeptOfTransportation-Seal.svgSecretary of Transportation
Seal of the United States Department of Energy.svgSecretary of Energy
US-DeptOfEducation-Seal.svgSecretary of Education
Seal of the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs.svg
Secretary of Veterans Affairs
Seal of the United States Department of Homeland Security.svg
Secretary of Homeland Security

First, the departments on the left are actually members of the President’s cabinet. The offices on the right are people who are cabinet level positions but aren’t official members of the cabinet.

Then you have areas like the intelligence community:

Agency
Twenty-Fifth Air Force
Intelligence and Security Command
Central Intelligence Agency
Coast Guard Intelligence
Defense Intelligence Agency
Office of Intelligence and Counterintelligence
Office of Intelligence and Analysis
Bureau of Intelligence and Research
Office of Terrorism and Financial Intelligence
Office of National Security Intelligence
Intelligence Branch
Marine Corps Intelligence Activity
National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
National Reconnaissance Office
National Security Agency/Central Security Service
Office of Naval Intelligence

There is a lot that goes on in a government. Again, this doesn’t mean that a king, if you have a monarchy will do all of these. I think the best series I have seen that handle this the best, so far is Game of Thrones.

  • Hand of the King: chairs the small council, serves as the King’s proxy during his absences.
  • Master of War: the realm’s chief strategist and military commander. The title seems to be an invention of Cersei Lannister’s.
  • Master of Coin: the realm’s chief treasurer and bookkeeper.
  • Master of Whisperers: the realm’s chief intelligence advisor and spymaster, supervising covert activities and information gathering, both at home and abroad.
  • Master of Laws: the realm’s chief legal advisor, who also manages the Red Keep’s dungeons, and supervises law enforcement.
  • Master of Ships: the realm’s chief naval officer, supervising the Royal Fleet and coordinating the realm’s maritime defenses.
  • Lord Commander of the Kingsguard: the realm’s chief military advisor, particularly in regards to land-based warfare. While the King personally appoints knights to the Kingsguard at his whim, once chosen they are lifetime appointments, which cannot legally be removed. In theory, however, a King may demote the Lord Commander back to being a regular member, and elevate one of the other six Kingsguard to Lord Commander (though it is unknown if this has ever happened).
  • Grand Maester: the maester assigned to the Red Keep, and thus to the realm. Like all maester assignments, the Grand Maester is appointed by the Conclave of Archmaesters at the Citadel, not the King. While controversial, the King and the Hand of the King have the authority to exclude the Grand Maester from the Small Council, and even imprison him, but cannot replace him as Grand Maester. This makes the Grand Maester unique as the only member of the council not specifically chosen by the King.
  • City Watch: Not a specific seat, but the Commander does attend small council meetings to report on conditions in the capital city.

Game of Thrones Wikia

When planning your governments for your world, you should keep in mind how those in power will handle these areas. Such as if you have large territory how does a king control other areas?

That is all I have this week. Next week We will look at advice on developing a government. Be sure to check back on Monday for my Weekly Writing Wrap-up for this week.

iSight-2016-03-28-03-57

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